Here is a small list of the initial problems faced by Pakistan after the partition.


Pakistan, a country located in South Asia, has faced numerous challenges since its inception in 1947. From political instability to economic issues, Pakistan has grappled with a range of problems that have hindered its progress and development. This article aims to explore some of the initial problems that Pakistan encountered and how they have shaped the country’s trajectory. By understanding these challenges, we can gain insight into the complexities and dynamics that have influenced Pakistan’s journey.

1. Partition and Independence

Pakistan’s initial problems can be traced back to its very creation. The partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947 resulted in the division of British India into two separate nations: India and Pakistan. The process of partition was accompanied by widespread violence, communal riots, and mass migrations. These challenges posed significant obstacles to the new nation’s stability and laid the foundation for subsequent problems.

2. Political Instability and Governance

Following independence, Pakistan experienced a series of political upheavals and power struggles. The country witnessed frequent changes in government, military coups, and weak democratic institutions. This instability created an environment of uncertainty and hindered effective governance. The lack of a stable political system and a consistent leadership undermined Pakistan’s ability to address its pressing issues.

3. Economic Challenges

Pakistan faced significant economic challenges right from its inception. The division of assets and resources during the partition disrupted the economic framework. The country struggled with inflation, unemployment, and a growing debt burden. Moreover, inadequate infrastructure, lack of foreign investments, and poor economic policies further compounded these issues, hampering Pakistan’s economic growth and development.

4. Social Issues

Social issues have plagued Pakistan since its early days. Gender inequality, child labor, poverty, and inadequate social welfare systems have been persistent problems. The marginalized sections of society, including women and minorities, have faced discrimination and limited access to basic rights and opportunities. Addressing these social issues has been crucial for fostering an inclusive and equitable society in Pakistan.

5. Education and Literacy

Pakistan has grappled with low literacy rates and inadequate educational infrastructure. The lack of emphasis on education and limited access to quality schools and colleges have hindered human development. Illiteracy and a lack of skills have contributed to unemployment and restricted socio-economic progress. Investing in education and promoting literacy has been vital to overcoming this challenge.

6. Security and Terrorism

Pakistan has faced security challenges, including terrorism and insurgency. The country has been a victim of both internal and external threats, with militant groups causing violence and destabilizing the region. These security concerns have not only endangered the lives of citizens but have also deterred foreign investments and tourism, impacting Pakistan’s economy and global perception.

7. Infrastructure and Energy Crisis

Inadequate infrastructure and an energy crisis have hampered Pakistan’s growth. Frequent power shortages, insufficient transportation networks, and inadequate public services have hindered economic activities and the overall quality of life.


What were the initial problems of Pakistan?

Pakistan faced a civil war and Indian military intervention in 1971 resulting in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. 

What were the economic problems of Pakistan at the time of partition?

Pakistan got only 10% of the industrial enterprises, 6.5% of the industrial workforce, 5% of the electrical capacity, and 10% of the total mineral deposits.

What are the initial years of Pakistan?

As the United Kingdom agreed to the partitioning of India in 1947, the modern state of Pakistan was established on 14 August 1947 (the 27th of Ramadan in 1366 of the Islamic Calendar)

What is the main social problem in Pakistan?

Be it poverty, dowry, lawlessness, or unemployment, these social problems pose a significant impact on us. Unfortunately, Pakistan doesn’t hold an exception to these social evils! Though these social problems can differ in nature.