The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab.


Rohtas Fort, located in present-day Pakistan, is an architectural marvel that holds a significant place in the history and heritage of the region. Built during the 16th century, this imposing fortress stands as a testament to the military prowess and artistic grandeur of its time. In this article, we will delve into the captivating history of the Rohtas Fort, so exploring its construction, purpose, and enduring legacy.

Construction of Rohtas Fort

The construction of Rohtas Fort began in 1541 under the orders of the Afghan king, Sher Shah Suri. The fort was designed to serve as a strategic stronghold to protect the northern territories of the Suri dynasty from potential invaders. Its location, nestled amidst the picturesque landscape of the Potwar Plateau, provided a natural advantage for defense.

Architectural Marvel: Design and Layout

Rohtas Fort showcases a blend of architectural influences, combining elements of Islamic, Hindu, and Persian styles. Massive walls that possess hieghts of upto 18 meters have surrounded the fort around an area of approximately 70 acres reaching heights of up to 18 meters. The main entrance, known as the Sohail Gate, features intricate carvings and calligraphy, so it keeps captivating visitors with its ornate beauty.

Strategic Importance of Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort served as a crucial trade route between the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan because it was strategically position to control the nearby Gomal Pass. But Its location allowed the fort to effectively monitor and regulate the movement of armies, traders, and pilgrims passing through the region.

Sher Shah Suri and Rohtas Fort

Sher Shah Suri, the visionary ruler behind the construction of Rohtas Fort, aimed to establish a centralized power base in the region. He sought to consolidate his control over the vast territories of present-day Pakistan and India.So, Rohtas Fort served as a symbol of his authority and a stronghold against rival factions.

Rohtas Fort: A Symbol of Power

The grandeur and scale of Rohtas Fort showcased the military might and architectural brilliance of the Suri dynasty. But It was a display of power, meant to intimidate adversaries and instill a sense of awe among the local population. The fort’s design and strategic location contributed to its reputation as an impregnable fortress.

Decline and Restoration

Following the decline of the Suri dynasty, Rohtas Fort faced a period of neglect and deterioration. However, efforts were made in the 20th century to restore and preserve the fort’s historical significance. Therefore the restoration projects aimed to revive the architectural splendor and maintain the integrity of this cultural heritage site.

Tourism and Preservation

Rohtas Fort has become a popular tourist destination, so it attracts the visitors from all over the world. The fort’s majestic architecture, scenic surroundings, and rich historical significance make it a must-visit site for history enthusiasts and architecture lovers alike. Therefore Preservation initiatives and ongoing maintenance ensure that future generations can appreciate the magnificence of this ancient fortress.

The mystique surrounding Rohtas Fort has inspired artists, writers, and filmmakers to feature it in various forms of media. So Its imposing presence and historical allure have made it a captivating backdrop for movies, documentaries, and literary works. Rohtas Fort’s portrayal in popular culture continues to contribute to its enduring legacy.

Rohtas Fort: A UNESCO World Heritage Site

In recognition of its outstanding universal value, Rohtas Fort was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. This prestigious status emphasizes the fort’s historical significance and underscores the need for its preservation. The UNESCO listing ensures international recognition and support for safeguarding this cultural treasure.


Rohtas Fort stands as a magnificent testament to the architectural brilliance and historical importance of the Suri dynasty. So Its construction, strategic location, and cultural significance make it an invaluable heritage site. Rohtas Fort continues to captivate visitors and remind us of the rich history that shapes our world.


How long did it take to build Rohtas Fort?

The construction of Rohtas Fort took approximately eight years to complete.

Who designed Rohtas Fort?

Afghan king Sher Shah Suri supervised theconstruction of this fort but the specific architect of Rohtas Fort is unknown.

Can visitors explore the interior of Rohtas Fort?

Yes, visitors can explore the interior of Rohtas Fort. Guided tours are available to provide historical insights and enhance the visitor experience.

Are there any accommodation options near Rohtas Fort?

Yes, there are several accommodation options available in the nearby town of Jhelum, which is in close proximity to Rohtas Fort.

Is photography allowed inside Rohtas Fort?

Yes, visitors can make photographs inside Rohtas Fort. Visitors can capture the beauty and grandeur of the fort for personal use and to share their experiences with others.